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AG News Archives for 2016-03

Kenton FFA Receives Top Award

Recently, the Kenton FFA Officer Team, spearheaded by Student Adviser Hannah Heilman, filled out the National Chapter Application. The National Chapter Award program recognizes FFA chapters that successfully complete an annual Program of Activities (PoA), which includes a series of activities designed to encourage its members to grow as individuals, to work as part of a team and to serve others. The application highlights three activities from each of the three divisions of student development, chapter development, and community development. For each activity chapters must have four goals, a plan of action for each goal, and evaluate the results and outcomes for each event. The application was submitted for evaluation and the Kenton-OHP FFA Chapter was awarded a Gold rating, ranking the chapter within the top 10% of all chapters in the state. This summer, the application will be sent to the National FFA for further evaluation.

 

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Riverdale FFA Members Compete In Invitational

The Riverdale FFA recently had five members competed in the equine management contest. The equine management contest consists of equine evaluation and general equipment identification and general knowledge test. There were 126 individuals and Natalie Snook got 27th, Lindsay Nichols got 86th, Jessica Pfiester got 82nd, Cara Pauley got 46th, and Rianne Kruiter got 98th. The team got 10th out of 28 teams. They also had three members compete in the wildlife management contest. This contest teaches members about fish and wildlife management, such as mammal, game fish, cover plants and equipment identification. Practicums on pond and habitat management and game laws and safety. There were 159 individuals and Kohlten Shane got 58th, Justin Hartman got 31st, and Derek McCloud got70th. The team got 14th out of 31 teams.

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Ohio Invasive Plants - Honeysuckles

These plants came from different countries.  Amur Honeysuckle from China, Russia, Korea, and Japan; Morrow’s Honeysuckle from Korea and Japan; Tatarian Honeysuckle are from Russia, Central Asia, and China.  These honeysuckles grow 6-20 feet tall at maturity, are upright, deciduous shrubs, and have hollow stems.  They bloom from April to May and leaf out earlier in the spring to form dense thickets that shade out spring plants.  Most of them grow in abandoned fields, forest edges, pastures, prairies, and livestock grazed woods.  Morrow’s Honeysuckle can invade bogs and lakeshores.  Birds and rodents eat the berries in winter and are responsible for spreading the seeds.  The nutrition in invasive honeysuckle berries cannot provide as much energy to wildlife and migrating birds as the nutrition in native honeysuckle berries.  

 

Amur Honeysuckle (Lonicera maackii): Plants grow 15-20 feet high and have white or tan stems.  The 3 ½ inch long oval leaves grow opposite and have a tapering tip with hairs along the undersides of the veins.  The flowers arise from leaf axils (the joint where leaf and stem meet).  The white to pinkish flowers are less than one inch long, are tubular, have 5 petals, with the upper 4 petals fused.  As they age, the flowers fade to yellow.  In late summer, red to orange-red berries are produced and they persist through the winter.

 

Morrow’s Honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii): This multi-stemmed plant grows 7 feet and has white or tan stems.  The opposite, 1-2 inch long elliptic or oblong leaves are on short stalks and are hairy on both sides.  The 5 paired, petal lobes are not fused and the lower half of the tubular flower is white.  They also arise from leaf axils.  The orange to red fruits are ripe in July and persist through winter. 

 

Tatarian Honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica): This multi-branched shrub is 5-12 feet tall and comes out of the ground with long arching branches.  Older bark becomes gray to grayish brown with narrow, long ridges on the stem.  The ridges shred into strips and makes the bark look shaggy.  The opposite growing, narrow leaves are 1 ½ - 2 ½ long and ¾ -1 ½ inch wide and have no hairs.  The base of the leaf is round to slightly ovate and tapers to a blunt point.  There are pairs of pink to white tubular flowers that develop on the upper axils (leaf-stem joint) of the leaves.  Yellow to red berries develop in fall and may persist through winter.

Control: Hand removal is useful in small infestations.  Bag all plants and remove from the site.  During the growing season, cut the plants to the ground as often as possible because these plants can grow back and be more vigorous than before.  Herbicides can be applied to foliage, cut stems and the base of their trunks.  Control works best in late summer to early autumn prior to seed dispersal.  

To identify native honeysuckles, check the stems.  They are solid, not hollow.  Try the native species Dwarf Bush Honeysuckle (Diervilla lonicera) and American/Canada Fly Honeysuckle (Lonicera canadensis).

 

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Boots and Buckles 4-H Hold Meeting

The Boots and Buckles 4-H group met on Monday, March 4th, 2016 at 6:30 PM at advisor Jolene     Buchenroth’s house. The group started the meeting with a demonstration by Samantha Sullivan on how to make a no sew blanket. Then, the meeting was called to order. Cain Sullivan led the Pledge of Allegiance and Kody Buchenroth led the 4-H pledge. Roll call was taken and the question was what was your favorite summer activity. After that, committee reports were given. There was no old business, so new business was then discussed. New business is that there was a motion made to do the petting zoo and bake sale at TSC during clover week again. The motion was passed. All members additionally were given a group calendar and a constitution of the group’s rules. Also, any completed forms need to be turned in. After that, it was the election of the officers. Kolt Buchenroth was elected president, Lane Shirk was elected vice president, Abby Cyrus was elected treasurer, Ashley Cyrus was elected secretary, Chloe Anderson was elected reporter, and finally Samantha Sullivan, Lenore Kohl, Abby Cyrus, Kody Buchenroth, Cain Sullivan, and Lukas Anderson signed up to be on the recreation committee. The meeting was then adjorned. Recreation was a pudding eating contest. Next meeting will be on Monday, April 4th, 2016 at 6:30 PM at advisor Jolene Buchenroth’s house.

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WLEB Fertilizer and Manure Restrictions

 

Regulations for both fertilizer and manure applications affects both farmers and commercial applicators in the Western Lake Erie Basin. These regulations need to be considered when making fertilizer and manure applications in 2016 and future years. The legislation affects application of manure or granular fertilizers containing nitrogen and phosphorus. Defined watersheds, which include the Western Basin of Lake Erie, need to comply with the regulations or face civil penalties. The civil penalties are effective as of 1/31/2016. The regulatory agency is the Ohio Department of Agriculture.

 

Who must comply? Anyone who applies granular fertilizer or manure in the Western Basin Lake Erie Watershed.  In Hardin County, this mainly includes fields north of State Route 309, which drain into the western basin of Lake Erie. In other areas of the county, these are recommendations that should be followed to protect the other watersheds in the state.

 

What is the ground condition and weather forecast that prohibits application in the named watersheds? For applications of fertilizer in the western basin, a person may not apply fertilizer, defined as nitrogen or phosphorous on snow-covered or frozen soil; when the top two inches of soil are saturated from precipitation; in a granular form when the local weather forecast for the application area contains greater than a 50% chance of precipitation exceeding one inch in a twelve-hour period, unless the fertilizer is injected into the ground, incorporated within 24 hours of surface application, or applied onto a growing crop.

 

A person may not surface apply manure in the western basin under any of the following circumstances: on snow-covered or frozen soil; when the top two inches of soil are saturated from precipitation; when the local weather forecast for the application area contains greater than a 50% chance of precipitation exceeding one-half inch in a 24 hour period, unless the manure is injected into the ground, incorporated

within 24 hours of surface application, applied onto a growing crop, or if in the event of an emergency, individuals should contact their local Soil and Water Conservation District office.

 

What are the civil penalties for non-compliance? Rules from Ohio Department of Agriculture became effective as of 1/31/16 for civil penalties. Minor violations are events of noncompliance with section 905.326 of the Revised Code that occur only when all of the following parameters are met: the nutrient value of the fertilizer application is less than ten thousand pounds of nitrogen or six thousand pounds of phosphorous; the fertilizer application does not pose a significant risk of harm to public health or the environment; and the fertilizer application has not resulted in any discharge of fertilizer that enters the water of the state.

 

The director may assess a civil penalty for a minor violation of up to two thousand dollars ($2,000) for each day of noncompliance. Failure to take corrective action as specified by the director or the director's designated representative for any minor violation may be considered a major violation of this rule.

 

Major violations are events of noncompliance with section 905.326 of the Revised Code that occur only when any of the following parameters are met: the nutrient value of the fertilizer application is equal to or more than ten thousand pounds of nitrogen or six thousand pounds of phosphorous; the fertilizer application poses a significant risk of harm to public health or the environment; or the fertilizer application has resulted in a discharge of fertilizer that enters the water of the state. The director may assess a civil penalty for a major violation of up to ten thousand dollars ($10,000) for each day of noncompliance. All money paid shall be deposited into the agricultural pollution abatement fund.

 

How do I comply with the weather forecast requirements? There is no one way defined in the regulation to obtain forecast information. There are at least two sources of weather forecast that meet the criteria. A good source of a printable local forecast can be obtained from NOAA through the website http://weather.gov. A zip code location close to the application site can be entered on the website. A detailed hourly forecast graphic can be reviewed and printed off. Rainfall can be totaled from the graphic to obtain the needed 12 or 24 hour predicated rainfall. A short video presentation showing how to obtain the forecast can be found on the OSU Agronomic Crops Team You Tube Channel at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z7Ip8hsL4bA.

 

Ohio Nutrient Management Record Keeper (ONMRK) is a computerized recordkeeping system that syncs with your smartphone or tablet to create a simple, easy, and quick way to record all of your fertilizer and manure applications from the field. The free app works on tablets, iPads, and smartphones. It can be downloaded from the Google Play Store for Android devices and the App Store for Apple devices. More information can be found at http://agcrops.osu.edu/newsletter/corn-newsletter/there%E2%80%99s-app-nutrient-management-record-keeping.

 

How will application terms be defined? The following information is working definitions provided by the Ohio Department of Agriculture. Snow covered soil is when soil, or residue lying on the soil, cannot be seen because of snow cover, or soil covered by one‐half inch of ice or more.

Frozen soil is ground that is impenetrable because of frozen soil moisture. The restriction is intended to prevent situations where fertilizer or manure is unable to freely infiltrate the soil and therefore would likely run off to surface water. Generally, frozen soil will not be easily penetrated by a metal object (such as a knife, screwdriver, or shovel), not deform to show a visible imprint under downward pressure, and have a temperature below 32° F.

 

Saturated soil occurs when all the pore spaces in the soil are filled with water. A soil that has an available water capacity above field capacity will be considered to be saturated. According to the Natural Resource Conservation Service Standard 590 for Ohio, when the available water capacity of a soil is above field capacity, then free water will appear on the surface of the soil when the soil is bounced, kneaded, or squeezed. For a fertilizer or manure application to be considered a violation of the law, the top two inches of the soil would need to be saturated and the application would have been made without incorporation, injection or a growing crop.

 

Growing crops will vary by season. In the summer, a growing crop is any green plant that will be harvested or that was planted as a cover crop. In the winter, a growing crop is any plant that will be

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Riverdale FFA Learns Agricultural Practices at Workshop

Two officers and the advisor of the Riverdale FFA Chapter recently attended the Feed the World Precision Agriculture workshop at Legacy in Custer, OH. This workshop was a partnership between Ohio corn and Wheat Association and Legacy. They were welcomed by Ellen Gilliland from Ohio Corn and Wheat. Dan Maggart did some drone demonstrations from Growmark Inc. Logan Haake from Legacy told them a little about soil sampling, soil testing, and fertilizer. They also got to learn about variable rate seeding. They then got to learn about maps, snapshots, analysis, and scouting. They then got to learn what the government is going to help agriculture. They lastly took a facility tour and were on their way home.

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Ohio Invasive Plants - Garlic Mustard

 
The definition of an invasive plant, whether it be native or non-native, is one that harms the environment by displacing native plants in their own ecosystem.  These plants produce enormous amounts of seed and have vast underground root systems.  Since 1750, more than 60,000 plants arrived in the United States, fortunately only a few adapted and the vast majority did not survive.  Plants, seeds, and spores were brought in on ships, planes, and by humans.  Wooden shipping material may have been responsible for the introduction of the Emerald Ash Borer and Asian Long Horned Beetle.  Even a tsunami far, far away can cross the Pacific Ocean and bring unwanted material to our shores.
 
There can be a small plus side to a few invasive plants.  For example, California has a native butterfly that feeds on a non-native flower species, and even invasive honeysuckles can provide enough food for some birds that eventually increase their number and diversity.  In the next several weeks, plant description, growing habits, and control management schemes of the most common and successful invasive plants will be discussed.  If you are interested and have the time, clip the newspaper article with its picture and save.  If you think you have found an invasive, hopefully the article will help with identification.  If it is truly a nasty plant, you may need the clipping for several years.
 
Garlic Mustard came from Europe in 1868 where it had been used in medicine and cooking.  This plant is very difficult to control.  It is a serious threat to woodlands, wildflowers, and wildlife because it competes for water, nutrients, and available light.  The plant also releases chemicals, disrupting the formation of underground mycorrhizal fungi, which the tree roots depend on for healthy growth.
 
It is a biennial (two-year life cycle).  The first year it grows as a round mound of kidney-shaped leaves that are less than an inch above the ground.  This allows the plant to establish a strong root system.  They hug the soil and remain green throughout the winter.  Second year leaves are triangle-shaped and have sharply toothed edges.  In April to June, a 2-4 foot stem produces flowers with four white clustered petals.  The seeds develop into 1-2 ½ inch long green capsules, and when they reach maturity, the capsule turns brown and splits.  A single plant can release 3000 seeds, can remain dormant for 20 months, and be viable for 5-8 years.
 
Control: Hand pulling plants is very effective.  The plants should be bagged and taken off-site as the flower heads continue to mature and form seeds after the plants have been pulled.  Remove first year rosettes and second year plants before they bloom as this method works very well.  Control should be continued until the seed bank is exhausted, this may take 7-10 years.  Be aware some herbicides will kill all other plants so a late fall or early spring application minimizes damage to other vegetation.  Reproduction is only by seed.

 

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Dairy Service Unit Spring Cheese Sale and Banquet

The Hardin County Dairy Service Unit is holding their semi-annual cheese sale. The spring sale has a variety of cheeses to choose from including Colby, Muenster, Smoked Cheddar, Mozzarella, Marble, American Processed, Farmers Cheese, Cheddar, Big Eye Swiss, Baby Swiss, Lacey Swiss (low cholesterol, low fat), Hot Pepper, and also Trail Bologna.  Cheese is in approximately 2 pound units, except for Muenster, American Processed, and Hot Pepper Cheese, which are sold in 5 pound loaves.  The American Processed Cheese is also sliced.  The Trail Bologna comes in 1-1 3/4 pound rings.
 
Order forms can be obtained at the Extension Office, 1021 W. Lima Street, Suite 103 in Kenton or online at hardin.osu.edu.  The deadline for ordering cheese is April 4, with pick-up dates April 15 from 12:00 pm to 7:00 pm or April 16 from 9:00 am until 12:00 pm at Dan and Molly Wagner’s dairy farm.  Funds from the semi-annual cheese sale are used to support dairy youth activities such as scholarships, royalty, awards, and other activities planned by the Dairy Service Unit.  Orders not picked up will be considered canceled.  No deliveries will be made and payment is due at pick-up.
 
The Dairy Service Unit will hold its annual meeting on March 15 at the OSU Extension office.  The guest speaker will be Dianne Shoemaker, who is the Ohio State University Extension Field Specialist in Dairy Economics.  She will be explaining the Ohio Farm Business Summary Results for dairy farms.  In these challenging economic times, it will be helpful to see where other dairy producers keep their cost of production and promote ideas for marketing and possibly adding value to their dairy enterprises.
 
The annual meeting meal will be chicken and ham sandwiches, cheese, chips, salads, and desserts. Families attending are asked to bring either a salad or dessert.  More information about the spring cheese sale and the annual meeting will be available at the Hardin County Dairy Banquet being held Saturday, March 12 at noon, at the Plaza Inn Restaurant in Mt. Victory

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Hardin Northern FFA Attends Buckeye Hockey Game

On Saturday February 27, 2016 the Hardin Northern FFA chapter went to The Ohio State University vs. Wisconsin Hockey Game for the annual winter event. We had 50 members, 14 parents or guests, and 2 advisors attend with us and everyone had a great time. We had great seats with a close view of all the action. OSU beat Wisconsin 6-5 with the final goal at the end of the 3rd period. It was an intense game, and very
close up until the end.

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